Subcontract Manual

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Introduction
I. Definition of Terms
II. Contract Types
III. Preaward
IV. Post Award – Subcontract/Subgrant Actions
V. Ongoing Subcontractor Monitoring
VI. Subcontractor Closeout Requirements
VII. Appendices

Subcontract Manual

The individual appendices can be viewed here, or download all in pdf form.


Introduction

The procedures in this manual lay out the processes established by the Office of Research Administration for requesting, monitoring, and closing out Subcontracts issued in support of research, development and/or or training contracts funded by an outside sponsor and performed under a proposal submitted by the University of Maryland College Park (UMCP).  The campus official authorized to execute subcontracts /subawards on behalf of UMCP is the Director or his/her designees within the Office of Research Administration (ORA).  The campus Authorizing Official for Purchase Orders and Consulting Agreements is the Assistant Vice President for Procurement and Strategic Sourcing, or his/her designees.

Responsibilities at various stages of the process are shared by the Principal Investigator (PI), the administering academic unit, the Office of Research Administration (ORA), the Office of the Comptroller, and the Department of Procurement and Strategic Sourcing.  All subcontracting activity will be conducted in accordance with the provisions of FAR 3.502-2 (Anti-Kickback Act of 1986).  Any suspected violations thereof will be reported to the Director, Office of Research Administration.

The applicable Prime Contract terms must be "flowed down" to the first tier Subcontractor and include provisions for additional flow down to second tier Subcontractors.  Under Federal contracts and other agreements, the flowdown requirements are mandatory (see Appendix E for examples).  The procedures cited here, however, apply to all subcontracts issued irrespective of the type of prime sponsor.

Most of the procedures described herein also apply to the processing of Subawards funded under private or federally funded Grants and Cooperative Agreements.  Questions concerning any of the information contained herein may be directed to oraa@umd.edu.


I. Definition of Terms

  1. Authorized Official refers to one or more individuals who are granted signature authority on behalf of a business, institution, or organization of any type and who are able to enter into legally binding agreements on behalf of the entity which they represent.
  2. Prime Sponsor refers to the entity that issues the initial award to UMCP.
    1. Prime Contract is the document which outlines the contract terms and conditions attached to the funding received from a Prime Sponsor.
    2. Subcontract may refer to an agreement (issued by ORA) to perform substantive portions of the research proposed. A Contractor (Vendor) is an entity providing goods and services in support of a Prime Contract via a Purchase Order issued by the Department of Procurement and Strategic Sourcing. For the purpose of this manual, Subcontractor refers to the recipient of any Subcontract issued by ORA.
    3. Pass-Through Entity (PTE) is the organization which receives the award directly from the Prime Sponsor and flows down a portion of the work and a portion of the award funds to a third party using a Subcontract agreement.
    4.  
  3. Subcontractor vs. Consultant vs. Contractor

    There is often considerable confusion at the proposal stage whether to treat a “collaborator” included in the UMCP budget as a Contractor (Vendor), Consultant, or Subcontractor. In those cases, it is recommended to discuss the matter with the ORA Contract Administrator assigned to process proposals for the Investigator’s academic unit prior to finalizing the budget. Given that F&A rates are only applied to the first $25,000 of a Subcontract, but applied to the total cost of goods and services provided by Contractors and Consultants, incorrect determinations may negatively impact the available dollars should an award be received. Additionally, Subcontractors which are not included in an original proposed budget often require the prior approval of sponsors before issuance which will delay the release of the Subcontract.

    1. A Subcontractor is distinguished from both a Contractor (Vendor) and a consultant in that a Subcontractor:
      1. Performs a substantive portion of the proposed Statement of Work incorporated into the Prime Contract;
      2. Has responsibility for internal programmatic decision-making and design;
      3. Is responsible for assisting the Prime Recipient in meeting the goals of the project;
      4. Is responsible for adhering to applicable Federal programmatic compliance requirements;
      5. Retains intellectual property and copyright to the work produced by the Subcontractor’s personnel.
    2. A Contractor (Vendor) is issued a Purchase Order based on a request sent by an administering unit to the UMCP Department of Procurement and Strategic Sourcing.  The purchase of goods and services, including “Consulting Services”, are obtained from a commercial vendor.   ORA does not issue Subcontracts to individual persons.
      1. A Contractor provides similar goods and services to multiple customers as part of their routine business operations;
      2. A Contractor competes for customers with other like providers;
      3. A Contractor does not retain intellectual property or copyright to the deliverables;
      4. Cost sharing is not required of a Contractor;
      5. Joint authorship of publications and Intellectual Property Rights are not sought by a Contractor;
      6. The general terms of the Prime Contract do not flow down to the Contractor.
    3. A Consultant may be an individual or a commercial entity and is a type of Contractor paid through a Purchase Order issued by the Department of Procurement and Strategic Sourcing.
      1. A Consultant’s deliverable may be intermittent throughout the project, is clearly defined and similar other work is performed by that Consultantcommercially on a routine basis;
      2. A Consultant’s deliverables do not ordinarily generate patentable or copyrightable results of an original or substantive nature;
      3. A Consultant is not subject to the compliance requirements of the Prime Contract;
      4. A Consultant’s fee is based on an hourly or daily rate which is provided and explained in a Consultant rate proposal;
      5. A Consultant’s services are on a “work for hire” basis and all intellectual property or copyrightable rights are assigned to UMCP by the Consultant;
      6. A Consulting Firm is a commercial entity whose regular business activity is to provide services similar to those proposed under the current project.
      7. An Individual Consultant is a non-UMCP employee hired to provide technical expertise in support of a sponsored research project. As a general rule, the activities performed by a non-UMCP faculty member who is named as an individual Consultant in a proposal must fall outside of the individual’s normal employment or academic duties and cannot make use of his/her employer’s (institutional) facilities, personnel or students.  If these criteria are not met, then the faculty member’s home institution should appear as a Subcontractor in the UMCP Proposal rather than than naming an individual as a Consultant.

II. Contract Types

Any one of many contract types may be used to establish a Subcontract, however, they fall into one of two basic categories:  Cost Reimbursement and Fixed Price. Most subcontracts issued by UMCP under sponsored research accounts will be cost reimbursement agreements. Fixed Price subcontracts may be used with foreign subrecipients or when issuing second tier subcontracts under prime awards which are also Fixed Price. Under 2 CFR Part 200 (the “Uniform Guidance”) Fixed Price subcontracts may require prior approval of the Prime Sponsor. Individual agency regulations must be consulted to determine if this is necessary and if there is a “cap” on the total amount that can be awarded to a Subcontractor under a Fixed Price subcontract.

  1. Cost Reimbursement Contracts

    1. Cost Reimbursement (also referred to as simply “Cost” type) contracts pay allowable, allocable, and reasonable costs which are incurred during the performance of the contract.  Indirect costs may be paid at predetermined rates, but no predetermined “fee” for profit or incentive is paid if the Cost Reimbursement Contract to a nonprofit organization, educational institution, state, local or Federally recognized Indian Tribal government incorporates the terms of the Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards (2 CFR Part 200). Cost principals which apply to commercial entities will be as determined by individual federal agency 2 CFR 200 implementation guidelines. Cost contracts are often used to support research and development with nonprofit and commercial organizations. A subcontract issued under a Prime Contract sets a total cost, or ceiling, that the Subcontractor cannot exceed without prior approval and agreement by UMCP.
    2. Cost-Sharing contracts require the Subcontractor to assume part of the cost of the project. Cost-sharing may be a requirement of the solicitation or offered voluntarily if permitted under the terms of the award or agency guidelines. Generally, the work provides some benefit to the Subcontractor which off-sets their share of project costs.
    3. Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee contracts reimburse the Subcontractor for their costs PLUS pay a predetermined fee which is not altered by actual costs for the original Statement of Work.  If the Statement of Work changes, then a new fee may be negotiated. Federal sponsors generally do not allow “fee/profit” to be charged when collaborators are conducting fundamental research under 2 CFR Part 200.
    4. Cost-Plus-Percentage of Cost contracts pay a fee that rises as the Subcontractor’s costs rise.  The Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR Part 16.102) prohibit this type of contract under a federal award as there is no incentive on the part of the recipient to control costs.
  2. Fixed Price Contracts

    1. Fixed Price contracts are based on a predetermined price which may be adjusted if the contract includes a “ceiling price”, a target price, or both based on a proposed budget which can be estimated with great accuracy.  The terms under which a price adjustment could be considered would be stated in the contract.  Invoices do not show a detailed breakdown of costs. Payment is based on some predefined deliverables due throughout the period of performance.   Typically, UMCP would not accept a Fixed Price contract which withholds all payment until the end of the project period and would not generally issue a Fixed Price subcontract which authorizes full advance payment. An exception can be made when entering into a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with a federal facility and with the approval of the Prime Sponsor.
    2. Firm Fixed Price contracts provide a price which is not open to any adjustment regardless of the final costs of the project.  Firm Fixed Price contracts impose a significant risk on the receiving party should costs exceed the agreed on price, but reduces administrative burden on both parties.
    3. Firm Fixed‑Price Level of Effort contracts are sometimes applied to research and development contracts where the results achieved cannot be clearly predicted and the ability to complete defined deliverables is also uncertain. This agreement requires the Subcontractor to devote a specific level of labor effort over a period of time at predetermined labor rates. It normally requires the Subcontractor to submit reports on results obtained plus Level of Effort required. Payment is contingent on effort expended rather than on results achieved. This type of subcontract is considered high risk by UMCP under a Prime Contract as the Subcontractor may invoice for payment based on labor hours worked even if the proposed deliverables are never completed.

III. Preaward

  1. Subcontractor Selection Criteria

    1. It is important to remember that UMCP is ultimately responsible for a Subcontractor’s performance.  A large number of UMCP's subcontracts are with universities, research institutes of known reputation, and for‑profit corporations of known capabilities.  Increasingly, small businesses, private nonprofits, and foreign entities are also being selected to act as Subcontractors on sponsored research awards.  If this is the case, prior to executing a Subcontract to a new subrecipient, a Subrecipient Monitoring Oversight Committee Review (SMOCR) is performed and the determination made as to the level of risk and qualifications of that Subrecipient (see Section IV. A.) is documented.
    2. The viability of the Subcontractor must be considered by ORA including factors such as financial position and management capability. Factors entering into this decision include: type of organization; past performance (with other Federal contracts or with the University); total anticipated subaward amount; required facilities; cost controls; personnel practices; and procedures for monitoring their Subcontractors.
    3. If Human or Vertebrate Animal subjects are to be used in the performance of the Subcontractor’s Statement of Work, certain Federal certifications and regulations are required.   The entity will need an FWA (for Human Subjects) or ACUC (for Animal Subjects) institutional “assurance numbers” which are granted by the federal government. They must have the capacity to approve IRB and IACUC protocols before initiating such research or UMCP must agree to serve as the IRB and IACUC of record overseeing and approving research protocols on behalf of the Subcontractor.
    4. UMCP’s internal policy requires ALL Subrecipients to be registered in SAM.gov (providing public view access) and have an assigned DUN & Bradstreet Number (DUNS #) prior to being issued a subcontract under a federal award.
  2. Subcontractor Method of Selection

    It is the responsibility of the UMCP Principal Investigator to comply with federal procurement requirements in selecting a Subcontractor funded by federal flow-through dollars. There are two primary methods of selecting a Subcontractor:  sole/single source selection or competitive bidding
    1. Single or Sole Source Selection is most common in research projects where a Principal Investigator wishes to collaborate with an identified academic colleague  or technical contact offering unique expertise or facilities who can be identified and included in a proposal to a sponsor.

      The preselected Subcontractor will provide the Principal Investigator with a proposed Statement of Work, Budget, Budget Justification, and Authorizing Signature to incorporate into the initial proposal to the sponsor.  If awarded, the Principal Investigator may or may not have to again obtain approval from the prime sponsor in order to issue a subcontract to that entity depending on the terms of the award.

      In both Single and Sole Source selection, when completing the Subaward Request Form being sent to the ORA Subaward Unit, the Principal Investigator is required to provide a justification identifying the need for the particular services and why the selected Subcontractor is the source selected.
      1. “Single source” selection occurs when a Subcontractor is a “preferred” Subcontractor for services which may be available from more than one source, but for reasons of location, price, facilities, availability, etc., one of the qualified Subcontractors is preferred over the others.
      2. “Sole source” selection occurs when a project requires performance from one particular Subcontractor for services which cannot be obtained from any other source.  Sole source selection in the second scenario is not justified simply by the fact that there has been continuing collaboration between scientists.  A sole source justification in these situations must be further justified with respect to the unavailability of the services or expertise from other sources.
    2. Competitive bidding is often used as the method of Subcontractor selection when purchasing goods or services or when the Principal Investigator does not have a “preferred” Subcontractor in mind either at the time of proposal or post award.  This method requires the Principal Investigator to solicit proposals from non UMCP sources and make a final Subcontractor selection from those responding based on technical merit and cost objectives.  This may be based on a combination of price and qualifications.  A formal Request for Proposal solicitation to obtain competitive bids must be coordinated through the UMCP Department of Procurement and Strategic Sourcing.
  3. Subcontract at Proposal Stage

    1. When the work to be done by a Subcontractor is to be incorporated into a single UMCP  proposal, there must be adequate time between the receipt of the Subcontractor's proposal and the Sponsor's proposal due date to allow UMCP's Principal Investigator time to discuss and negotiate the Scope of Work to be performed by the Subcontractor.  If the subcontract involves human subjects, animal experimentation, the use of DNA, biological or environmental hazards, or poses a potential “Conflict of Interest”, certification of Subcontractor adherence to internal and federal policies on these matters must also be included in the proposal. Those issues must also be handled within UMCP in a manner consistent with UMCP institutional requirements.
    2. The Subcontractor will submit to UMCP Principal Investigator a Letter of Support signed by the Subcontractor’s Authorized Representative, Statement of Work, Annual and Cumulative Budgets and Budget Justification.  The budget must include an itemization of budget categories, including appropriate salaries and wages, fringe benefits, materials, supplies, equipment, travel, and other direct costs necessary to accomplish the research that the Subcontractor is to perform (see Appendix A, Section IV).  A copy of the Subcontractor's negotiated indirect cost rate agreement should be submitted to UMCP as part of the Subcontractor's proposal.  If the Subcontractor declines to furnish its negotiated indirect cost rate agreement, UMCP will attempt to obtain a verification of the Subcontractor’s rates or obtain audit information prior to issuing subcontract.
    3. The Subcontractor's proposal must be signed by an Authorized Official of the Subcontractor who is authorized to legally obligate the Subcontractor to a contractual commitment.
  4. Price or Cost Analysis

    A Price or Cost Analysis must be performed in connection with every subcontracting action.  FAR 15.404-3 (b) states that the prime contractor or Subcontractor shall
    1. Conduct appropriate cost or price analyses to establish the reasonableness of proposed subcontract prices; and
    2. Include the results of these analyses in the price proposal.
      1. Price Analysis is a means of determining if the asking price for a service or product is fair without resorting to an examination of the Subcontractor's cost and profit calculations. It is basically a comparison of the price with known indicators of reasonableness. FAR 15.404-1 states that price analysis is the process of examining and evaluating a proposed price without evaluating its separate cost elements and proposed profit, and lists some examples:
        1. Comparison of proposed prices received in response to the solicitation,
        2. Comparison of previously proposed prices and previous Government and commercial contract prices with current proposed prices for the same or similar items if both the validity of the comparison and the reasonableness of the previous price(s) can be established,
        3. Use of parametric estimating methods/application of rough yardsticks (such as dollars per pound or per horsepower, or other units) to highlight significant inconsistencies that warrant additional pricing inquiry,
        4. Comparison with competitive published price lists, published market prices of commodities, similar indexes, and discount or rebate agreements,
        5. Comparison of proposed prices with independent Government cost estimates,
        6. Comparison of proposed prices with prices obtained through market research for the same or similar items,
        7. Analysis of pricing information provided by the Subcontractor.
      2. Cost Analysis is an element‑by‑element review of the estimated cost of contract performance. FAR 15.404-1 (c) (1) states that cost analysis is the review and evaluation of the separate cost elements and profit in an offeror’s or Subcontractor’s proposal (including cost or pricing data or information other than cost or pricing data), and the application of judgment to determine how well the proposed costs represent what the cost of the contract should be, assessing reasonable economy and efficiency.
      3. Verification of cost or pricing data and evaluation of cost elements includes:
        1. The necessity for, and reasonableness of, proposed costs, including allowances for contingencies;
        2. Projection of the offeror’s cost trends, on the basis of current and historical cost or pricing data;
        3. Reasonableness of estimates generated by appropriately calibrated and validated parametric models or cost-estimating relationships; and
        4. The application of audited or negotiated indirect cost rates, labor rates, and cost of money or other factors.
        5. Documentation of cost or price analysis is initially dependent on the Principle Investigator’s approval and close review by the Contract Administrator at the proposal stage. Upon receipt of an award, the Principal Investigator’s signature on the Subaward Request Form (see Appendix A, Section VIII) confirms that the Subcontractor’s costs are reasonable given the work proposed. These costs are closely reviewed a third time by the Subaward Administrator prior to issuing a new subcontract and additional back-up documentation is requested when necessary.
      4. ORA’s review of proposed costs is necessary in order to carry out the requirements of 2 CFR 200 and FAR 15.404 as previously cited to determine the acceptability of the Subcontractor’s proposed costs. This evaluation of acceptable costs may be accomplished in a number of ways depending on whether the Prime Award is a contract or a grant.
      5. For contracts, the appropriate methods used by ORA are:
        1. If the value of a subcontract issued under a Prime Contract is less than $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15) and UMCP has had a successful prior experience with the Subcontractor, a review of proposed costs will be performed. Plainly stated, based on discussions with the UMCP PI, the nature of work to be performed, and discussions with representatives of the Subcontractor, a determination is made as to the reasonableness of all proposed costs to the proposed effort.
        2. If the value of a subcontract issued under a Prime Contract is $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15) or more, the Subcontractor may be required by either the federal sponsor or ORA to provide more detailed pricing support data for purposes of determining acceptability of costs. Pursuant to FAR 15.403-4, $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15) is the threshold for obtaining current cost or pricing data.
        3. The Subcontractor will be required to provide a Certificate of Current Cost and Pricing Data (Appendix H) if the price negotiated between ORA and the Subcontractor is in excess of $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15) or such other amount as may be determined by Federal regulation.
        4. If the subcontract value is more than $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15), an assist audit may be requested through the appropriate cognizant federal agency in the event the federal government has not already performed an audit on the Subcontractor.
      6. For grants, the evaluation of proposed costs is conducted in accordance with 2 CFR 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards, or 45 CFR Part 74 Appendix E, Principles for Determining Cost Application to Research and Development under Grants and Contracts with Hospitals.
      7. In all cases:
        1. Whether the Prime Award is a contract or grant, the Subcontractor will also be asked to provide a copy of its most recently approved rate agreement if one has not been provided with the Subcontractor's proposal. (Some commercial organizations are unwilling to provide copies of rate agreements to anyone other than governmental agencies. In this case, ORA will request rate verification from the Subcontractor’s assigned cognizant audit agency (i.e. DHHS or DCMA) via the Contracting Officer.
        2. The Subcontractor may be required to submit Subpart F of 2 CFR 200 audit report or audited financial statement.
  5. Submitting Proposal with Subcontract to ORA

    1. Subcontract costs are included in the UMCP budget as a single direct cost.  When calculating UMCP Facilities & Administrative (F&A) costs, exclude the portion of each subcontract contained in the proposal which exceeds $25,000 as required by 2 CFR 200. Normally, UMCP calculates F&A only on the first $25,000 of each separate subcontract issued under any single sponsored prime award regardless of the number of budget periods involved during performance (Modified Total Direct cost method).  If the Federal agency has a capped F&A rate based on a specific program announcement or solicitation, UMCP calculations are based on the provisions of that agency, which could be based on MTDC or TDC.
    2. During proposal processing by ORA, the Subcontract portion of the UMCP proposal is reviewed to ensure that items discussed in Section III, Part C above have been incorporated.  It may be necessary to clarify costs or other items with the UMCP Principal Investigator and/or the Subcontractor's business official.

IV. Post Award - Subcontract/Subgrant Actions

  1. Subrecipient Monitoring And Oversight Committee Review (SMOCR)

    1. A SMOCR is required for any Subcontractor with no prior history of receiving a subaward from UMCP.  Questions may sometimes arise as to a potential Subcontractor's ability to properly perform the work or to provide adequate financial management.  The committee gathers audit and financial information directly from the Subcontractor’s authorized representative and ensures the entity is in “good standing” and does not appear on the Excluded Parties List (www.epls.gov) (debarred or suspended from receiving federal funds) and whose annual audit report indicates no significant or material negative findings. If significant or material negative findings are reported, a close review of the audit and prior findings is conducted by the SMOCR committee.
      1. Each Subcontractor is given an overall “risk” rating of Low, Medium, or High (Appendix C).  Entities falling into the Medium or High range based on a list of factors may be required to provide additional technical and/or financial reporting throughout the course of the project period.
      2. If, in connection with the Annual Audit Certification required under the Uniform Guidance (2 CFR 200), the Subcontractor reports that it has a material finding in its audit report, the decision whether to continue with the execution of the subcontract by UMCP will be made on a case-by-case basis.  The subcontract may be executed pending the correction of deficiencies; however, the subcontract may be terminated if the Subcontractor fails to correct the deficiencies in a manner acceptable to UMCP.
  2. Subcontract Request Form

    1. Required Documentation:  ORA assumes responsibility to prepare, negotiate, and execute the subcontract with the Subcontractor.  A model (domestic) Subcontract Agreement is provided as Appendix D. If applicable, subawards may be issued to non-profit entities and educational institutions using the applicable agency terms and conditions. The following must be received by the Subaward unit, signed by the Subrecipient’s Authorized Representative, prior to issuing a new subaward:
      1. A completed Subaward Request Form (Appendix A) signed by the Principle Investigator or his or her designee;
      2. A Statement of Work describing in some detail the planned activities of the Subrecipient (distinguished from the overall proposal submitted by UMCP);   
      3. A detailed budget broken out by basic cost categories which matches the value shown in the Subaward Request Form;
      4. A budget justification which includes any proposed cost sharing by the Subrecipient;
      5. A copy of the F&A rate agreement or explanation of the overhead rate applied;
      6. IRB or IACUC Protocol Approval (if Human Subjects or Vertebrate Animals  involved in research) or Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) when required;
      7. Export Control Information (if any such information is anticipated to be provided to UMCP by Subcontractor);    
      8. IF PRIME AWARD IS A CONTRACT, a Small Business Subcontracting Plan is required from the Subcontractor if the total anticipated cost of the subcontract equals or exceeds $650,000 ($700,000 after 10/1/15) and the Prime Contract requires the plan, in accordance with FAR 52.219-9.
    2. Documents are reviewed to ensure the following:
      1. The proposed Statement of Work relates to the effort identified in UMCP's prime award;
      2. The proposed period of performance for subcontract effort falls within the prime award period;
      3. The proposed subcontract budget corresponds to the budget that was included in ORA's proposal to the prime sponsor, and has been evaluated and determined to be fair and reasonable;
      4. That a sufficient degree of negotiation was conducted with the Subcontractor for a final subcontract price;
      5. That the Subcontractor provided any required certifications voluntarily;
      6. Whether the subcontract is to be issued to a for‑profit or nonprofit organization;
      7. Whether terms and conditions in the prime award text are applicable to the Subcontractor;
      8. Whether any general provisions in the prime agreement are required flow-down clauses or clauses necessary to protect the interests of UMCP or the prime sponsor, and;
      9. Whether additional prime sponsor approval of the subcontract is necessary prior to issuance in accordance with FAR 52.244-2 and the terms of the contract.
  3. Negotiating And Executing the Subcontract

    1. The Subcontract Administrator prepares a subcontract based on an appropriate model agreement (see Appendix D), in accordance with the requirements of the prime award.  Subcontract numbers are assigned by the Subaward Administrators, in accordance with established guidelines (see Appendix B.) The Kuali Financial System (KFS) will automatically assign a Purchase Order Number to each subcontract when the action is entered into the system.
    2. If the contract between UMCP and the sponsor requires sponsor’s prior approval before a subcontract can be issued, a copy of the subcontract is sent to the sponsor by the designated Contract Administrator in ORA to obtain prior approval.
    3. Copies of the subcontract are sent to the Subcontractor for signature with a copy retained in the ORA pending file.   Original or electronic signature copies are to be returned to UMCP.  After signature by ORA, one fully executed copy is returned to the Subcontractor and one is retained in the ORA Subaward file and is uploaded into the COEUS Subaward Module.  The Subcontract Cover Letter may be used to request additional materials as required.  In most cases, the terms and conditions will accompany the subcontract created and forwarded to the Subcontractor for signature.  Scanned or electronic signature may be accepted as a final copy of the subcontract if both UMCP and Subcontractor mutually agree.
    4. During the approval or Subcontractor acceptance process, changes may need to be negotiated or clarifications provided in the subcontract.  ORA will negotiate all changes to the subcontract in close coordination with, and upon receiving input from, the PI and the Subcontractor as appropriate.
    5. Upon receipt of a signed document from the Subcontractor and receipt of prime sponsor approval, if required, the subcontract is signed by the Director, Office of Research Administration or his/her designee on behalf of the University (ORA).
    6. After the subcontract has been executed by UMCP, ORA will transmit one fully executed copy of subcontract to the Subcontractor and make a copy available internally to the appropriate Department or College business officer in the COEUS Subaward module.  All supporting documentation for the subcontract will be maintained in ORA.
  4. Subcontract Modification

    1. If the PI/Department determines that additional effort is required from the Subcontractor during the period of the prime contract, or other changes are needed in subcontract terms, the PI/Department will complete a Subaward Modification Request Form (Appendix G), and submit it to their ORA Subcontract Administrator who will process the approved Principal Investigator modifications with the Subcontractor.

V. Ongoing Subcontractor Monitoring

  1. Technical Monitoring

    1. As prime award recipient, UMCP assumes responsibility for the conduct and completion of the project.  Subcontractor progress reports should be reviewed thoroughly by UMCP's Principal Investigator and discussed with the Subcontractor as needed.  The Subcontractor's progress report will usually be incorporated into the progress report submitted by the UMCP Principal Investigator to the sponsor on behalf of UMCP.
  2. Financial Monitoring

    1. Invoices from the Subcontractor are to be sent to Accounts Payable at UMCP; Accounts payable will in turn forward the invoice to the PI for review, electronic approval, and (if required) signature.  The invoice will be routed through Accounts Payable should they be sent directly to the PI/Department by the Subcontractor.
    2. The PI/Department will review the invoice to determine that the amount being requested for payment is consistent with the amount of effort performed during the billing period.  The PI/Department who is responsible for the oversight of the effort performed by the Subcontractor.  When the PI/Department is satisfied with the invoice, he/she should signify approval with a signature electronically in KFS which constitutes approval for UMCP to pay the invoice.  If there are problems with the invoice, such as equipment purchased without approval or more labor charged than UMCP's PI believes was expended, the invoice SHOULD NOT BE APPROVED.  Accounts Payable should be notified of the reason for the delay and PI should also immediately consult with their ORA Subaward Administrator.
    3. Upon PI/Department's approval in KFS, the invoice is electronically returned to Accounts Payable where the invoice is processed for payment.  Accounts Payable monitors each subcontract's payment provisions.
  3. Annual Audit Reporting

    1. As the prime recipient of federal funds, UMCP must verify that Subcontractors are meeting their Annual Audit requirements, as apply to the particular type of entity receiving funding, and review annual audit reports for any findings which might impact the Subcontractors ability to complete their portion of the project or which disqualify them to receive any federal funding.

VI. Subcontractor Closeout Requirements

  1. Closeout Notices

    1. It is ORA's responsibility to ensure that the Subcontractor has submitted the required deliverables and documents following expiration. Within the first 90 days following termination, ORA will send a Subaward Release of Claims form to the Subcontractor and a Principal Investigator Subaward Closeout Authorization form to UMCP’s Principal Investigator. Signature by a Subcontractor’s Authorized Representative and UMCP’s Principal Investigator confirms that all required Final Deliverables, a Final Invoice, and any Final Property and Invention Reports have been forwarded to the appropriate unit on campus. The returned certifications are uploaded into COEUS and the complete file sent for scanning into OPTIX, the electronic repository for all award records. While Sponsors’ reporting requirements will vary, ORA will take reasonable steps to complete the above process within 90 days after subcontract expiration. ORA will follow up as necessary to ensure that closeout has been completed in accordance with sponsor and UMCP requirements. Documents required for proper closeout:
      1. Final Technical Report
      2. Final Invoice
      3. Subcontractor’s Final Inventory of Property Report (Appendix I) (if applicable)
      4. Final Report of Subcontractor Inventions (Appendix J)
      5. Subaward Release of Claims (Appendix K)
  2. Principal Investigator’s Subaward Closeout Authorization

    By signing the Principle Investigator’s Subaward Closeout Authorization form (Appendix L), the Principle Investigator indicates that all deliverables are received and satisfactory, and all costs have been submitted, reviewed and approved, including cost sharing requirements.
  3. Final Invoice

    The Principal Investigator’s signature on the final invoice indicates that all deliverables are received and satisfactory, and all costs have been submitted, reviewed and approved, including cost sharing requirements.
    1. The PI/Department will be responsible for the same review and approval procedures as required for the routine invoice evaluations mentioned under Section V, Paragraph B, items 1 through 3.
    2. Accounts Payable will review the final invoice to ensure that total cost claimed is within the monetary limitations and time periods specified in the subcontract.  Accounts Payable will not issue final payment without approval from the PI/D

VII. Appendices

Appendix A: Subaward Request Form and Directions for Completion
Must be signed by PI or their designee in order to issue new Subaward.

Appendix B: Assigning Numbers to Subawards/Subcontracts
A brief explanation of the way subawards/subcontracts are numbered.

Appendix C: Subrecipient Risk Assessment Form
Form used to assess risk factors related to new Subcontractor organization and during Annual Audit Reviews.

Appendix D: Model (Domestic) Subcontract Agreement

Appendix E: FAR/DFARS Clauses
A list of FAR/DFARS clauses typically incorporated by reference in UMCP Federal prime contracts (with certain exceptions and agency substitutions as appropriate)

Appendix F: 2 CFR 200 – Applicability Chart
This matrix shows which portions of the Uniform Guidance (2 CFR 200) apply to federal financial assistance awards, subawards, contracts, and subcontracts issued to educational institutions, state, local or Federally recognized Indian Tribal governments, and other nonprofits.

Appendix G: Subcontract Modification
The template ORA uses to issue a modification to an existing subcontract.

Appendix H: Certificate of Current Cost or Pricing Data
The form which asks the Subcontractor to certify the validity of the subcontract budget when Subcontract amount is $700,000 ($750,000 after 10/1/15) or more.

Appendix I: Subcontractor's Final Inventory of Property (Agency specific form if needed)
Form required upon close-out of subcontract.

Appendix J: Final Report of Subcontractor Inventions
Form required (if applicable) upon close-out of subcontract.

Appendix K: Contractor’s Assignment of Rebates, etc
Form required for close-out of subcontract.

Appendix L: Principal Investigator Subaward Closeout Authorization
Statement from the Principal Investigator that the work is completed and all technical reports have been received and all costs submitted, reviewed, and approved, including cost sharing

Appendix M: Invoice Checklist
Tool for use by Department Administrator at Closeout to verify all documentation has been received.

Appendix N: Layout of Subcontract file structure

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